Types of Criminal Cases


Theft is an unlawful taking of another person’s property with the intention of not returning it. A thief conducts his operation in stealth when no one is around as he does not want to attract any attention. Therefore theft is simply taking something from someone without the intention of returning it back to the owner. Embezzlement is also a form of theft where an employee takes away money meant for the employer or other employees for his own use.


Robbery is a form of theft as the robber has the intention to take away the property of someone else, but in addition here he makes use of violence or intimidation. Thus robbery is a specific type of theft as there is not only theft but also violence or threat of violence. The most common examples of robbery are when a robber holds cashier and other personnel in a bank at gun point and robs money. Robbery is also conducted in homes when robber uses violence against inmates or threatens to use violence and takes away their valuables.


In criminal and tort law, an act, usually consisting of a threat or attempt to inflict bodily injury upon another person, coupled with the apparent present ability to succeed in carrying out the threat or the attempt if not prevented, that causes the person to have a reasonable fear or apprehension of immediate harmful or offensive contact. No intent to cause battery or the fear or apprehension is required so long as the victim is placed in reasonable apprehension or fear. No actual physical injury is needed to establish an assault, but if there is any physical contact, the act constitutes both an assault and a battery.


Battery is a criminal offense involving unlawful physical contact, distinct from assault which is the apprehension, not fear, of such contact. Battery is the use of force against another, resulting in harmful or offensive contact.

Sexual Assault

A sexual assault has been committed when an individual engages in sexual activity without the explicit consent of the other individual involved.Sexual activity is any touching of a sexual or other intimate part of a person for the purpose of gratifying sexual desire of either party. This includes coerced touching of the actor by the victim as well as the touching of the victim by the actor, whether directly or through clothing.

Sexual Battery

Sexual battery is an unwanted form of contact with an intimate part of the body that is made for purposes of sexual arousal, sexual gratification or sexual abuse. Sexual battery may occur whether the victim is clothed or not. It is a crime, which varies by state laws, so local laws should be consulted.


The penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the victim.

Manufacturing, Distribution or Possession of Drugs

This can include but is not limited to marijuana, meth, cocaine and prescription drugs. All of these can lead to possible charges. Drug charges include drug possession, drug possession with intent to distribute, drug possession with intent to sell, drug transportation, drug manufacturing, or drug cultivation.

If you or anyone you know has been has been charged with any of these offenses, contact Grover Law Firm today at (913) 432-1000

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